Whyte Museum of the Canadian Rockies in Banff Celebrates its 50th Anniversary This Year
The museum is paying tribute to its founders and their vision for an artistic and cultural hub in the mountains.
Whyte Museum exterior.
Photograph by Victoria Lessard
Just off Banff’s main thoroughfare stands the Whyte Museum of the Canadian Rockies. The angular roof of the entryway echoes the planes of the mountain behind it and also hints at what’s inside — a museum dedicated to honouring the Rocky Mountains and the vibrant artistic community that has long been drawn to the area.
This year marks the 50th anniversary of the Whyte Museum, which is celebrating with an exhibition about the artistic legacy of its eponymous founders, Peter Whyte and Catharine Robb Whyte. Running until Oct. 21, Artistry Revealed: Peter Whyte, Catharine Robb Whyte and Their Contemporaries offers a unique opportunity to see the two artists’ work on display.
Through their brushstrokes, the Whytes’ paintings express the deep love they held for the landscape — and for each other. Their love story begins in 1925 when the pair met as students at the School of the Museum of Fine Arts in Boston, Massachusetts. Catharine Robb Whyte had grown up in a wealthy family in Concord, Mass. Peter Whyte, on the other hand, had grown up in Banff, but ended up at art school in Boston on the recommendation of the American painter Aldro T. Hibbard. Whyte and Hibbard had become acquainted that summer while painting alongside each other at Lake O’Hara, and it was Hibbard who convinced Whyte to attend his alma mater.
PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF THE WHYTE MUSEUM OF THE CANADIAN ROCKIES, ca. 1931-1946, V683/iii/a/1/pd-2-44-004
Catharine Robb Whyte and Peter Whyte (right side of image) with Cyril Paris and George K. K. Link.
PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF THE WHYTE MUSEUM OF THE CANADIAN ROCKIES, Peter and Catharine Whyte fonds, V683/iii/A/1/pd-1-42-004
Peter and Catharine Whyte in front of their log home.
In 1930 the Whytes married and moved to Banff. They explored the mountains, climbing Abbot Pass with guide Rudolph Aemmer and painting at Lake O’Hara and other spots. The couple also became renowned for their hospitality. “Their house on the Bow River was the epicentre of cordiality,” says Anne Ewen, the Whyte Museum’s curator of art and heritage. “Artists would visit the Whytes whenever they were in town.”
The Whytes also became informal historians, collecting items and taking recordings relating to the history of the Rockies. The goal was to one day have a physical space for their collections and their extensive art holdings. “They wanted to create some place where this beautiful community, its old stories could be celebrated,” says Banff-based writer and adventurer Chic Scott, author of the biographical coffee-table book Mountain Romantics: The Whytes of Banff.
In 1958, the Whytes took the first step toward realizing their vision by forming the Wa-Che-Yo-Cha-Pa Foundation (now known as the Peter and Catharine Whyte Foundation). Banff local Maryalice Stewart was hired as the director of the foundation in 1965. Though Peter Whyte passed away the following year, Catherine Robb Whyte and Stewart vowed to carry on.
In 1968, the museum officially opened (though not as the Whyte Museum) in a space that also housed the Banff Public Library, the Peter Whyte Gallery and the Archives of the Canadian Rockies. In 1983 the library moved to another home and a heritage gallery was created in its place. Two years later, the space was renamed the Whyte Museum of the Canadian Rockies. In 1993, a new wing was added to create a larger art space and the museum took the shape visitors today will recognize.
PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF THE WHYTE MUSEUM OF THE CANADIAN ROCKIES, 1967, V692 PA133 8a
Ground-breaking ceremony for the construction of the Whyte Museum, 1967.
PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF THE WHYTE MUSEUM OF THE CANADIAN ROCKIES, 1968, V692/C/pa-19
Opening day, June 16, 1968.
PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF THE WHYTE MUSEUM OF THE CANADIAN ROCKIES, ca. 1968, V692/C/pa-52
Library interior circa 1968.
At the heart of the Whyte Museum has always been a sense of community. Every year since its debut the museum has hosted an event called Back to Banff Day, which is a gathering for artistic and mountain-culture communities. “It’s a hub where I connect up with other people in the art community on a regular basis,” says Canmore-based artist and photographer Dan Hudson. “Most people in the art community, as well as the general public, go to a lot of events at the Whyte Museum. [As an artist] you work on your own in your studio by yourself a lot, so to have a place like that where you can connect with the larger community is really important.”
Currently, one of the Whyte Museum’s most popular event series is Fireside Chats, which started back in 2012 and is hosted by Scott. At the events, Scott sits down with a prominent mountain-culture personality in front of an audience and has them tell their stories, which are recorded and published on the Digital Vault section of the museum’s website. The events are always jam-packed. (The next Fireside Chat is Sept. 20, with adventurer Renate Belczyk.) Another popular event series is Rockywood Reels, which screens archival films shot in the area.
PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF THE WHYTE MUSEUM OF THE CANADIAN ROCKIES, ca. 1968, V692/A/pa-161
Peter Whyte Gallery circa 1968.
PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF THE WHYTE MUSEUM OF THE CANADIAN ROCKIES, ca. 1968, V692/A/pa-144
Peter Whyte Foundation.
The Whyte Museum also has a mandate to engage with the region’s Indigenous communities. Created by archival assistant and First Nations liaison Dagny Dubois, the Recognizing Relations program presents photos from the museum archives to members and elders of the Stoney Nakoda community with the goal of getting them to name the people in the photographs. The program is now in its fourth phase, and has presented around 450 photographs to the Nation so far.
“It’s important for us to engage the Stoney Nakoda community,” says Dubois. “We want to share [our collections] however we can and work together on bringing these things forward so that the community knows what we have and to become a resource for them.”
Looking forward to the next 50 years, the museum’s current director Vincent J. Varga says he hopes to continue to honour the founders and what they would have wanted. “Peter and Catharine were extraordinary for not only their artistic accomplishments but the vision that they had. You can imagine a town of [just over 3,000] people back in 1968, how extraordinary it would be to have an institution like the Whyte Museum open,” Varga says. “Not only did they build the building, but then they also helped endow the museum so that it could continue to function into the future. And they set the stage by ensuring that the building and the collection in its impetus had to do with collecting the stories, the objects, the artifacts, the visual art that somehow captured the essence of this place.”
For Scott, the Banff community would be a little less without the museum. “Communities without history, without a story, are sort of hollow shells,” he says. “To me, the Whyte Museum of the Canadian Rockies is the memory of Banff and the Rocky Mountains.”
photograph courtesy of the Whyte Museum of the Canadian Rockies, WyP.02.039
Oil-on-canvas painting by Peter Whyte of Lake O’Hara, 1932-1935.
PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY OF THE WHYTE MUSEUM OF THE CANADIAN ROCKIES, WyP.02.002
Oil-on-canvas painting by Peter Whyte of Columbia Icefield.